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非常简单的Android打开和保存对话框功能

来源: 网络整理  作者: 佚名

在Android上没有标准的打开和另存为对话框。在本代码中,我将详细描述一个非常简单的打开和保存对话框实现过程,对于Android初学者来说非常有用,对话框都是全屏活动的。
主要功能:
1、访问任何目录的SD卡
2、递归访问文件夹
3、单一文件选择
4、通过按硬件后退按钮升级
5、确认文件选择OK按钮
activity_open_file.xml
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="<a href="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"</a>
  xmlns:tools="<a href="http://schemas.android.com/tools"" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">http://schemas.android.com/tools"</a>
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="match_parent"
  android:orientation="vertical" >

  <ListView
    android:id="@+id/LvList"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:layout_weight="1" >

  </ListView>
  <LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="horizontal" >

    <Button
      android:id="@+id/BtnOK"
      android:layout_width="fill_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_weight="1"
      android:text="OK" />
    <Button
      android:id="@+id/BtnCancel"
      android:layout_width="fill_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_weight="1"
      android:text="Cancel" />

  </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

OpenFileActivity.java
package com.example.androidfiledialogs;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Comparator;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemLongClickListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemSelectedListener;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.Spinner;
import android.widget.Toast;


public class OpenFileActivity extends Activity
  implements OnClickListener, OnItemClickListener {
  ListView LvList;
  ArrayList<String> listItems = new ArrayList<String>();
  ArrayAdapter<String> adapter;
  Button BtnOK;
  Button BtnCancel;
  String currentPath = null;
  String selectedFilePath = null; /* Full path, i.e. /mnt/sdcard/folder/file.txt */
  String selectedFileName = null; /* File Name Only, i.e file.txt */
  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_open_file);
    try {

      /* Initializing Widgets */
      LvList = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.LvList);
      BtnOK = (Button) findViewById(R.id.BtnOK);
      BtnCancel = (Button) findViewById(R.id.BtnCancel);   

      /* Initializing Event Handlers */
      LvList.setOnItemClickListener(this);
      BtnOK.setOnClickListener(this);
      BtnCancel.setOnClickListener(this);

      //
    setCurrentPath(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() + "/");
    } catch (Exception ex) {
      Toast.makeText(this,
          "Error in OpenFileActivity.onCreate: " + ex.getMessage(),
          Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }

  }

  void setCurrentPath(String path) {
    ArrayList<String> folders = new ArrayList<String>();
    ArrayList<String> files = new ArrayList<String>();
    currentPath = path;
    File allEntries = new File(path).listFiles();
    for (int i = 0; i < allEntries.length; i++) {
      if (allEntries.isDirectory()) {
        folders.add(allEntries.getName());
      } else if (allEntries.isFile()) {
        files.add(allEntries.getName());
      }
    }

    Collections.sort(folders, new Comparator<String>() {
      @Override
      public int compare(String s1, String s2) {
        return s1.compareToIgnoreCase(s2);
      }
    });

     Collections.sort(files, new Comparator<String>() {
      @Override
      public int compare(String s1, String s2) {
        return s1.compareToIgnoreCase(s2);

      }

    });

    listItems.clear();
    for (int i = 0; i < folders.size(); i++) {
      listItems.add(folders.get(i) + "/");
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < files.size(); i++) {
      listItems.add(files.get(i));

    }

   

    adapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this,

        android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,

        listItems);

    adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();

   

    LvList.setAdapter(adapter);

  }

 

  @Override

  public void onBackPressed()

  {

    if (!currentPath.equals(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() + "/")) {

      setCurrentPath(new File(currentPath).getParent() + "/");

    } else {

      super.onBackPressed();

    }

  }

 

  @Override

  public void onClick(View v) {

    Intent intent;

   

    switch (v.getId()) {

    case R.id.BtnOK:

     

      intent = new Intent();

      intent.putExtra("fileName", selectedFilePath);

      intent.putExtra("shortFileName", selectedFileName);

      setResult(RESULT_OK, intent);

     

      this.finish();

     

      break;

    case R.id.BtnCancel:

     

      intent = new Intent();

      intent.putExtra("fileName", "");

      intent.putExtra("shortFileName", "");

      setResult(RESULT_CANCELED, intent);

     

      this.finish();

     

      break;

    }

  }


  @Override

  public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position,

      long id) {

    String entryName = (String)parent.getItemAtPosition(position);

    if (entryName.endsWith("/")) {

      setCurrentPath(currentPath + entryName);

    } else {

      selectedFilePath = currentPath + entryName;

     

      selectedFileName = entryName;

     

      this.setTitle(this.getResources().getString(R.string.title_activity_open_file)

          + "<span>[</span>" + entryName + "]");

    }

  }

}

activity_save_file.xml
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="<a href="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"</a>

  xmlns:tools="<a href="http://schemas.android.com/tools"" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">http://schemas.android.com/tools"</a>

  android:layout_width="match_parent"

  android:layout_height="match_parent"

  android:orientation="vertical" >


  <ListView

    android:id="@+id/SFA_LvList"

    android:layout_width="fill_parent"

    android:layout_height="fill_parent"

    android:layout_weight="1" >

  </ListView>


  <EditText

    android:id="@+id/SFA_TxtFileName"

    android:layout_width="match_parent"

    android:layout_height="wrap_content"

    android:ems="10"

    android:text="file.txt" />

 

  <LinearLayout

    android:layout_width="match_parent"

    android:layout_height="wrap_content"

    android:orientation="horizontal" >


    <Button

      android:id="@+id/SFA_BtnOK"

      android:layout_width="fill_parent"

      android:layout_height="wrap_content"

      android:layout_weight="1"

      android:text="OK" />


    <Button

      android:id="@+id/SFA_BtnCancel"

      android:layout_width="fill_parent"

      android:layout_height="wrap_content"

      android:layout_weight="1"

      android:text="Cancel" />

   

  </LinearLayout>

   

</LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

SaveFileActivity.java
package com.example.androidfiledialogs;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.ArrayList;

import java.util.Collections;

import java.util.Comparator;


import android.app.Activity;

import android.content.Intent;

import android.os.Bundle;

import android.os.Environment;

import android.view.Menu;

import android.view.MenuItem;

import android.view.View;

import android.view.View.OnClickListener;

import android.widget.AdapterView;

import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;

import android.widget.Button;

import android.widget.EditText;

import android.widget.ListView;

import android.widget.Toast;

import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;


public class SaveFileActivity extends Activity

  implements OnClickListener, OnItemClickListener {


    ListView LvList;

   

    ArrayList<String> listItems = new ArrayList<String>();

   

    ArrayAdapter<String> adapter;

   

    EditText TxtFileName;

   

    Button BtnOK;

    Button BtnCancel;

   

    String currentPath = null;

   

  @Override

  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    setContentView(R.layout.activity_save_file);

   

    try {

      /* Initializing Widgets */

      LvList = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.SFA_LvList);

      TxtFileName = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.SFA_TxtFileName);

      BtnOK = (Button) findViewById(R.id.SFA_BtnOK);

      BtnCancel = (Button) findViewById(R.id.SFA_BtnCancel);

     

      /* Initializing Event Handlers */

     

      LvList.setOnItemClickListener(this);

     

      BtnOK.setOnClickListener(this);

      BtnCancel.setOnClickListener(this);

     

      //

     

      setCurrentPath(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() + "/");

    } catch (Exception ex) {

      Toast.makeText(this,

          "Error in SaveFileActivity.onCreate: " + ex.getMessage(),

          Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

    }

  }

 

  void setCurrentPath(String path) {

    ArrayList<String> folders = new ArrayList<String>();

   

    ArrayList<String> files = new ArrayList<String>();

   

    currentPath = path;

   

    File allEntries = new File(path).listFiles();

   

    for (int i = 0; i < allEntries.length; i++) {

      if (allEntries.isDirectory()) {

        folders.add(allEntries.getName());

      } else if (allEntries.isFile()) {

        files.add(allEntries.getName());

      }

    }

   

    Collections.sort(folders, new Comparator<String>() {

      @Override

      public int compare(String s1, String s2) {

        return s1.compareToIgnoreCase(s2);

      }

    });

   

    Collections.sort(files, new Comparator<String>() {

      @Override

      public int compare(String s1, String s2) {

        return s1.compareToIgnoreCase(s2);

      }

    });

   

    listItems.clear();

   

    for (int i = 0; i < folders.size(); i++) {

      listItems.add(folders.get(i) + "/");

    }

   

    for (int i = 0; i < files.size(); i++) {

      listItems.add(files.get(i));

    }

   

    adapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(this,

        android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,

        listItems);

    adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();

   

    LvList.setAdapter(adapter);

  }

 

  @Override

  public void onBackPressed()

  {

    if (!currentPath.equals(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() + "/")) {

      setCurrentPath(new File(currentPath).getParent() + "/");

    } else {

      super.onBackPressed();

    }

  }

 

  @Override

  public void onClick(View v) {

    Intent intent;

   

    switch (v.getId()) {

    case R.id.SFA_BtnOK:

     

      intent = new Intent();

      intent.putExtra("fileName", currentPath + TxtFileName.getText().toString());

      intent.putExtra("shortFileName", TxtFileName.getText().toString());

      setResult(RESULT_OK, intent);

     

      this.finish();

     

      break;

    case R.id.SFA_BtnCancel:

     

      intent = new Intent();

      intent.putExtra("fileName", "");

      intent.putExtra("shortFileName", "");

      setResult(RESULT_CANCELED, intent);

     

      this.finish();

     

      break;

    }

  }


  @Override

  public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position,

      long id) {

    String entryName = (String)parent.getItemAtPosition(position);

    if (entryName.endsWith("/")) {

      setCurrentPath(currentPath + entryName);

    } else {

      this.setTitle(this.getResources().getString(R.string.title_activity_open_file)

          + "<span>[</span>" + entryName + "]");

     

      TxtFileName.setText(entryName);

    }

  }

}

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Tags:对话框 功能
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